Other Species


Legionella.org researchers have published more than 200 peer-review articles on Legionnaires' disease and 13 book chapters on Legionella, collectively. We author Legionella chapters in Gorbach's Infectious Diseases, Mayhall's Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, Block's Disinfection, Sterilization and Preservation, UptoDate.com, and most importantly the Legionella chapter in the bible of microbiology, the ASM Manual of Clinical Microbiology. Our publications have appeared numerous professional journals and we have served on the editorial boards for Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology and an editorial reviewer for International Journal of Environmental Health, Journal of Clinical Microbiology, Water Research, and numerous medical journals.

Legionella.org publications contain articles from the medical peer-review literature, which are available online including: Clinical Manifestations of Legionnaires' Disease, Disinfection of Legionella in Water Distribution Systems, Laboratory Diagnosis of Legionnaires' Disease, Antibiotic Therapy of Legionnaires' Disease, Epidemiology, Mode of Transmission of Legionnaires' Disease, Environmental Source of Legionella, Other Legionella Species including Pittsburgh Pneumonia Agent (Lmicdadei).

Contact us for reprints of publications.

Other Species

Muder RR, Stout JE, Yu VL., "Nosocomial Legionella micdadei infection in transplant patients: Fortune favors the prepared mind", Am J Med, 108:346-348.


Muder RR, Yu VL. Infections due to Legionella species other than L. pneumophila. Clin Infect Dis 2002; 35:990-998.


Yu VL, Stout JE. Legionella anisa and hospital water systems. J Infect Chemother 2004 10:133.


Brown A, Shonnard JW, Geyer SJ, Rihs J, Stout J, Vickers R, Yu VL. Coincident infection with the Legionnaires' disease bacterium and Pittsburgh pneumonia agent in a patient with nosocomial pneumonia." Lancet 1981;2:1041.

Brown A, Yu VL, Magnussen MH, Vickers GM, Garrity RM, Elder EM."Isolation of Pittsburgh pneumonia agent from a hospital shower." Appl Environ Microbiol 1982;43:725726.

Stout J, Yu VL, Vickers RM, Shonnard J."Potable water supply as the hospital reservoir for Pittsburgh pneumonia agent. "Lancet 1982; 1:471472.

Yu VL, Zuravleff JJ, Elder EM, Brown A."Pittsburgh pneumonia agent may be a common cause of nosocomial pneumonia: seroepidemiologic evidence." Ann Intern Med 1982;97:724725.

Best M, Yu VL, Stout J, Goetz A, Muder RR, Taylor F. Legionellaceae in the hospital water supply:"epidemiological link with disease and evaluation of a method for control of nosocomial Legionnaires' disease and Pittsburgh pneumonia agent." Lancet 1983;2:307310.

Muder RR, Yu VL, Vickers R, Rihs J, Shonnard J."Simultaneous infection with Legionella pneumophila and Pittsburgh pneumonia agent: clinical features and epidemiological implications." Amer J Med 1983;74:609614.

Muder RR, Yu VL, Zuravleff JJ."Pneumonia due to the Pittsburgh pneumonia agent:"new clinical perspective plus a review of the literature."Medicine 1983;62:120128.

Best MG, Stout JE, Yu VL, Muder RR."Tatlockia micdadei growth kinetics may explain its infrequent isolation from water and the low prevalence of Pittsbugh pneumonia."Appl Environ Microbiol 1985;49:15211522.

Stout JE, Best M, Yu VL, Rihs JD."Symbiosis of Legionella pneumophila and Tatlockia micdadei with human respiratory flora."J Appl Bacteriology 1986; 60:297299.

Fang GD, Yu VL."Infection caused by Pittsburgh pneumonia agent (Tatlockia micdadei, Legionella micdadei )."Semin Resp Infec 1987; 2:262266."

Fang GD, Yu VL, Vickers RM."Disease due to the Legionellaceae (other than L. pneumophila):"historical, microbiological, clinical and epidemiological review. Medicine 1989; 68:116132.

Fang GD, Stout JE, Yu VL, Goetz A, Rihs JD, Vickers RM."Community acquired pneumonia caused by Legionella dumoffii in a patient with hairy cell leukemia."Infection 1990; 18:383385.

Singh N, Muder RR, Yu VL, Gayowski T."Legionella infection in liver transplant recipients: implications for management." Transplantation 1993;56:15491551.