Disinfection

Publications

Legionella.org researchers have published more than 200 peer-review articles on Legionnaires' disease and 13 book chapters on Legionella, collectively. We author Legionella chapters in Gorbach's Infectious Diseases, Mayhall's Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, Block's Disinfection, Sterilization and Preservation, UptoDate.com, and most importantly the Legionella chapter in the bible of microbiology, the ASM Manual of Clinical Microbiology. Our publications have appeared numerous professional journals and we have served on the editorial boards for Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology and an editorial reviewer for International Journal of Environmental Health, Journal of Clinical Microbiology, Water Research, and numerous medical journals.

Legionella.org publications contain articles from the medical peer-review literature, which are available online including: Clinical Manifestations of Legionnaires' Disease, Disinfection of Legionella in Water Distribution Systems, Laboratory Diagnosis of Legionnaires' Disease, Antibiotic Therapy of Legionnaires' Disease, Epidemiology, Mode of Transmission of Legionnaires' Disease, Environmental Source of Legionella, Other Legionella Species including Pittsburgh Pneumonia Agent (Lmicdadei).

Contact us for reprints of publications.

Disinfection

Lin YE, Stout JE, Yu VL. Prevention of Hospital-Acquired Legionellosis. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2011. 24(4):350-6.

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Lin YE, Stout JE, Yu VL. Controlling Legionella in Hospital Drinking Water: An Evidence-Based Review of Disinfection Methods. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2011;32(2):166-173.

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Huang HI, Shih HY, Lee CM, Yang TC, Lay JJ, Lin YE*. In vitro efficacy of copper and silver ions in eradicating Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and Acinetobacter baumannii: implications for on-site disinfection for hospital infection control. Water Res 2008;42(1-2):73-80.

 

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Shih HY, Lin YE*. Efficacy of Copper-Silver Ionization in Controlling Biofilm- and Plankton-Associated Waterborne Pathogens. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010; 76(6):2032-5.

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Zhang Z, McCann C, Hanrahan J, Jencson A, Joyce D, Fyffe S, Piesczynski S, Hawks R, Stout JE, Yu VL. Legionella control by chlorine dioxide in hospital water systems. JAWWA, 2009, 101(5): 117-127.

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Chen, YS, Liu, YC, Lee, SS, Tsai, HC, Wann SR, Kao, CH, Chang, CL, Huang, WK, Huang, TS, Chao, HL, Li, CH, Ke, CM, Lin, Y. E.* Superheat-and-Flush and Disinfection of Taps for Legionella Disinfection: Lessons Learned from Failure. American Journal of Infection Control, 2005, 33(10):606-610.

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Stout JE., Yu VL. Experiences of the First 16 Hospitals Using Copper-Silver Ionization for Legionella Control: Implications for the Evaluation of Other Disinfection Modalities. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2003 Aug;24(8):563-8.

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Zhang Z, Stout JE, Yu VL, Vidic R. Effect of pipe corrosion scales on chlorine dioxide consumption in drinking water distribution systems. Water Res. 2008 Jan;42(1-2):129-36.

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Liu Z, Lin YE, Stout JE, Hwang CC, Vidic RD, Yu VL. Effect of flow regimes on the presence of Legionella within the biofilm of a model plumbing system. J Appl Microbiol. 2006;101:437-42.

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Zhang Z, McCann C, Stout JE, Piesczynski S, Hawks R, Vidic R, Yu VL. Safety and efficacy of chlorine dioxide for legionella control in a hospital water system. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2007 Aug;28(8):1009-12.

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Sheffer PJ, Stout JE, Wagener MM, Muder RR. Efficacy of new point-of-use water filter for preventing exposure to Legionella and waterborne bacteria. Am J Infect Control. 2005 Jun;33(5 Suppl 1):S20-5.  

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Sidari FP III, Stout JE, VanBriesen JM, Bowman AM, Grubb D , Neuner A, Wagener MM, Yu VL. 2004. Keeping Legionella out of water systems. JAWWA, 96(1):111-119.

 

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Lin Yu, Vidic, RD, Stout JE, Yu VL. Legionella in water distribution systems., JAWWA, 1998:90, 112-121.

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Stout, J. E., Lin, Y. E., Goetz, A. M., Muder, R. R. "Controlling Legionella in Hospital Water Systems: Experience with the Superheat-and-flush Method and Copper/Silver Ionization" Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, 19, 911-194, 1998

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Allegheny County Health Department, Approaches of prevention and control of Legionella infection in Allegheny county health care facilities, Allegheny County Health Department, Jan, 1997.

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Liu Z, Stout JE, Tedesco L, Boldin M, Hwang C, Diven WF, Yu VL. Controlled evaluation of coppersilver ionization in eradicating Legionella from a hospital water distribution system. J Infect Dis 1994; 169:919922.

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Lin YSE, Vidic RD, Stout JE, Yu VL.  Individual and combined effects of copper and silver and silver ions on inactivation of Legionella pneumophila.  Water Research 1996; 8:905-913.

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Liu Z, Stout JE, Boldin M, Rugh J, Diven WF, Yu VL.  Intermittent use of copper-silver ionization for Legionella control in water distribution systems: a potential option in buildings housing low risk individuals. Clin Infect Dis 1998;26:138-140.

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Lin YE, Stout JE, Yu VL.  Disinfection of water distribution systems for Legionella. Semin Resp Infect, 1998;13:147-159.

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Liu Z, Stout JE, Tedesco L, Boldin M, Hwang C, Yu VL.  Efficacy of ultraviolet light on the disinfection of Legionella in a hospital water distribution system. Water Research 1995; 29:2275-2228.  

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Chen YS, Lin YE, Liu YC, Huang WK, Shih HY, Wann SR, Lee SS, Tsai HC, Li CH, Chao HL, Ke CM, Lu HH, Chang CL. "Efficacy of point-of-entry copper-silver ionisation system in eradication Legionella pneumophila in a tropical tertiary care hospital: implications for hospitals contaminated with Legionella in both hot and cold water." J Hosp Infect. 2008 Feb;68(2):152-8

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Lin YE, Vidic RD. "Possible phosphate interference with copper-silver ionization for Legionella control." J Hosp Infect. 2006 Jan;62(1):119

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Lin YE. "Ionization failure not due to resistance." Clin Infect Dis. 2000 Nov;31(5):1315-7

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Best M, Goetz A, Yu VL.  Heat eradication measures for control of nosocomial Legionnaires' disease: implication, education, and costanalysis.  Amer J Infect Control 1984;12:2630.

Stout J, Best M, Yu VL. Susceptibility of members of the family Legionellaceae to thermal stress: implications for heat eradication methods in water distribution systems.?Appl Environ Microbiol 1986; 52:396399.

Muraca P, Stout J, Yu VL. Comparative assessment of chlorine, heat, ozone, and ultraviolet light for killing of Legionella pneumophila within a model plumbing system. Appl Environ Microbiol 1987; 53:447453.

 
Yu VL, Liu Z, Stout JE, Goetz A.  Legionella disinfection of water distribution systems:?principles, problems, and practice. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1993; 14:567570.  

Goetz A, Yu VL.  Copper-silver ionization: cautious optimism for Legionella disinfection and implications for environmental culturing. Am J Infect Control 1997;25:449-451.  

Goetz A, Yu VL.  Legionella.?In:?APIC and Applied Epidemiology: Principles and Practice.?Infection Control. Mosby, 1996.  

Lin YSE, Vidic R, Stout JE, McCartney CA, Yu VL. Inactivation of mycobacterium avium by copper and silver ions. Water Res 1998;32:1997-2000.  

Stout JE, Yu, VL. Legionella in the hospital water supply: a plea for decision making based on evidence-based medicine. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2001; 22:670-672